Query: NC_013501:176073 Rhodothermus marinus DSM 4252, complete genome Lineage: Rhodothermus marinus; Rhodothermus; Rhodothermaceae; Bacteroidetes Order II; Bacteroidetes; Bacteria General Information: Isolation: Submarine alkaline hot spring at Reykjanes; Country: Iceland; Temp: Thermophile; Temp: 65C; Habitat: Hot spring, Marine. This organism is a thermophilic bacterium which can grow at temperatures of up to 77 degrees C and at salt concentrations of over 6% NaCl. It has been isolated from shallow water geothermal habitats in Iceland, Portugal and Italy.
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General Information: A swine isolate. Causes brucellosis, infectious abortions, fevers. They are highly infectious, and can be spread through contact with infected animal products or through the air, making them a potential bioterrorism agent. Once the organism has entered the body, it can become intracellular, and enter the blood and lymphatic regions, multiplying inside phagocytes before eventually causing bacteremia (spread of bacteria through the blood). Virulence may depend on a type IV secretion system which may promote intracellular growth by secreting important effector molecules. This organism is a swine-specific Brucella. It causes infectious abortions in animals and a systemic, febrile (feverish) illness in humans. Brucella suis is considered a potential bioterrorism agent and was the first pathogenic organism to be weaponized by the USA.