Query: NC_013456:1843000 Vibrio sp. Ex25 chromosome 1, complete genome Lineage: Vibrio; Vibrio; Vibrionaceae; Vibrionales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Vibrio sp. EX25 was isolated from samples taken from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent community along the East Pacific Rise. Vibrio species represent a significant portion of the culturable heterotrophic bacteria of oceans, coastal waters and estuaries. Various species of this genus are devastating pathogens for finfish, shellfish and mammals.
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General Information: This serovar has a narrow host range and causes a typhoid-like (paratyphoid fever) illness in humans. It is especially prevalent in southern and eastern Asia, and has been associated with some particularly virulent outbreaks. A number of isolates are increasingly antibiotic resistant. Causes enteric infections. This group of Enterobactericiae have pathogenic characteristics and are one of the most common causes of enteric infections (food poisoning) worldwide. They were named after the scientist Dr. Daniel Salmon who isolated the first organism, Salmonella choleraesuis, from the intestine of a pig. The presence of several pathogenicity islands (PAIs) that encode various virulence factors allows Salmonella spp. to colonize and infect host organisms. There are two important PAIs, Salmonella pathogenicity island 1 and 2 (SPI-1 and SPI-2) that encode two different type III secretion systems for the delivery of effector molecules into the host cell that result in internalization of the bacteria which then leads to systemic spread.