Query: NC_013440:971717 Haliangium ochraceum DSM 14365, complete genome Lineage: Haliangium ochraceum; Haliangium; Kofleriaceae; Myxococcales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Isolation: Seaweed collected from coastal sands from Japan; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 30C; Habitat: Coastal, Marine, Sand. This organism, like other myxobacteria, undergoes a complex development and differentiation pathway. When cell density increases, the organism switches to "social motility" where aggregates of cells can gather together into masses termed fruiting bodies that may consist of up to 100 000 cells. Haliangium ochraceum is a true marine organism requiring 1-3% NaCl for growth.
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General Information: First isolated in 1960 in Oxford, England, as an airborne contaminant growing on methylamine. This strain can grow on methylamine or methanol, but not methane. This organism is capable of growth on one-carbon compounds such as methanol. Methanol is oxidized to formaldehyde which is then used metabolically to generate either energy or biomass. These bacteria are commonly found in the environment, especially associated with plants which produce methanol when metabolizing pectin during cell wall synthesis. At least 25 genes are required for this complex process of converting methanol to formaldehyde and this specialized metabolic pathway is of great interest.