Query: NC_013282:4312791 Cronobacter turicensis, complete genome Lineage: Cronobacter turicensis; Cronobacter; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Cronobacter turicensis is an opportunistic pathogen that can cause infections such as necrotizing enterocolitis, bacteraemia, meningitis and brain abscess/lesions. Gram-negative bacterium. Turicensis is the Latin name of Zurich, as the type strain originates from Zurich, Switzerland.
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General Information: This organism was named for its discoverer, Theodore Escherich, and is one of the premier model organisms used in the study of bacterial genetics, physiology, and biochemistry. This enteric organism is typically present in the lower intestine of humans, where it is the dominant facultative anaerobe present, but it is only one minor constituent of the complete intestinal microflora. E. coli, is capable of causing various diseases in its host, especially when they acquire virulence traits. E. coli can cause urinary tract infections, neonatal meningitis, and many different intestinal diseases, usually by attaching to the host cell and introducing toxins that disrupt normal cellular processes.