Query: NC_013202:59278 Halomicrobium mukohataei DSM 12286, complete genome Lineage: Halomicrobium mukohataei; Halomicrobium; Halobacteriaceae; Halobacteriales; Euryarchaeota; Archaea General Information: Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 45C; Habitat: Salt marsh, Soil. This organism is an extreme halophile requiring at least 14.5% NaCl to grow. Halomicrobium mukohataei DSM 12286 (ATCC 700874) was isolated from salt flats in Argentina.
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General Information: Isolated from Lake Gabara in Egypt. Extreme haloalkaliphilic archeon. Natronomonas pharaonis is able to survive at high salt and pH conditions which results in limited nitrogen availability through ammonium. In order to compensate for this, Natronomonas pharaonis has developed three systems to promote nitrogen assimilation: direct uptake of ammonia, uptake of nitrate, and uptake of urea. Another problem with high pH environments is the use of a proton gradient for the generation of ATP, which other alkaliphiles have adapted to by substitution of sodium ions for protons. However, this organism utilizes protons for ATP generation as determined by experimental data.