Query: NC_013194:3984377 Candidatus Accumulibacter phosphatis clade IIA str. UW-1, complete Lineage: Accumulibacter phosphatis; Accumulibacter; ; ; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Isolation: enhanced biological phosphorus removal; Country: USA; Temp: Mesophile; Habitat: Sediment, Sludge. Candidatus Accumulibactor phosphatis is a polyphosphate-accumulating, aerobic, Gram-negative bacterium that has been identified in enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) wastewater treatment systems. Removal of phosphorus from wastewater is important to avoid eutrophication (excess nutrients) in surface waters.
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General Information: First isolated from the Potomac river downstream of Washington, DC, USA in 1987. This organism actively moves towards metal attractants such as iron and manganese oxides, which are insoluble, and produces type IV pili for attachment to the insoluble substrates. Common metal-reducing bacterium. This organism, similar to what is observed in Geobacteria sulfurreducens, couples the oxidation of organic molecules to the reduction of iron by using insoluble Fe (III) as an electron acceptor under anaerobic conditions. This bacterium plays an imporant part of the nutrient cycling in aquatic environments. The cell can also use uranium and plutonium, therefore, this organism and may be important for the bioremediation of contaminated waste sites.