Query: NC_013159:3858425 Saccharomonospora viridis DSM 43017, complete genome Lineage: Saccharomonospora viridis; Saccharomonospora; Pseudonocardiaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism has been implicated in a range of hypersensitivity pneumonitides, including farmer's lung disease. Symptoms of the disease develop in susceptible individuals following the inhalation of spores from overheated materials such as moldy hay and bagasse, or from forced-air heating and humidification systems. Prolonged exposure to the antigens results in acute respiratory distress which may lead to irreversible lung damage. Saccharomonospora viridis DSM 43017 was isolated from Irish peat and was originally classified as Thermomonospora viridis.
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General Information: Gram-negative soil bacterium. This is the most widely studied species in the genus. Strains of Agrobacterium are classified in three biovars based on their utilisation of different carbohydrates and other biochemical tests. The differences between biovars are determined by genes on the single circle of chromosomal DNA. Biovar differences are not particularly relevant to the pathogenicity of A. tumefaciens, except in one respect: biovar 3 is found worldwide as the pathogen of gravevines. This species causes crown gall disease of a wide range of dicotyledonous (broad-leaved) plants, especially members of the rose family such as apple, pear, peach, cherry, almond, raspberry and roses. Because of the way that it infects other organisms, this bacterium has been used as a tool in plant breeding. Any desired genes, such as insecticidal toxin genes or herbicide-resistance genes, can be engineered into the bacterial DNA, and then inserted into the plant genome. This process shortens the conventional plant breeding process, and allows entirely new (non-plant) genes to be engineered into crops.