Query: NC_012997:2254000 Teredinibacter turnerae T7901, complete genome Lineage: Teredinibacter turnerae; Teredinibacter; ; Alteromonadales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Teredinibacter turnerae was isolated from the gills of the wood-boring mollusc, Lyrodus pedicellatus. Dinitrogen-fixing, cellulolytic, endosymbiont. This organism is a rare example of a marine invertebrate symbiont that has been grown in pure culture. They have the unique ability to be able to both utilize cellulose as a sole carbon source and also to fix nitrogen.
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General Information: This is the type strain for this organism, which was isolated from a hydrothermal vent at a depth of 1300 m from the Lo'ihi Seamount southeast of Hawaii. This organism grows optimally in salt concentrations of 7.5 to 10%. Genome comparison has suggested that the bacterium has maintained its amino acid transport and degradation systems but lost sugar transport and certain sugar metabolic genes suggesting that it lives on amino acids rather than sugars. This may be in keeping with the environment this organism grows in, which is at hydrothermal deep sea vents that are characterized by collections of proteinaceous particles. This organism may colonize these particles by producing exopolysaccharides.