Query: NC_012796:3267569 Desulfovibrio magneticus RS-1, complete genome Lineage: Desulfovibrio magneticus; Desulfovibrio; Desulfovibrionaceae; Desulfovibrionales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Isolated from freshwater sulfide-rich mud of a waterway near Kameno river, Wakayama, in Japan. This organism is a sulfate-reducing delta proteobacterium which synthesizes intracellular magnetite particles. Desulfovibrio magneticus produces irregular, membrane-bound magnetite particles, unlike other magnetite-producing bacteria which contain crystalline magnetite in the cytoplasm. Desulfovibrio magneticus does not migrate along a magnetic field but swims randomly.
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General Information: Its genome indicates a motile, sporulating, sulfate-reducing, chemoautotrophic thermophile that can fix its own nitrogen and carbon by using machinery shared with archaea. Candidatus Desulforudis audaxviator is a gram positive sulfate reducing bacteria identified in fracture water from a borehole at a depth of 2.8 km in a South African gold mine. Water from these boreholes is very old (low-biodiversity fracture water), suggesting that these bacteria have been isolated from the Earth's surface for as much as several million years.