Query: NC_012796:2683711 Desulfovibrio magneticus RS-1, complete genome Lineage: Desulfovibrio magneticus; Desulfovibrio; Desulfovibrionaceae; Desulfovibrionales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Isolated from freshwater sulfide-rich mud of a waterway near Kameno river, Wakayama, in Japan. This organism is a sulfate-reducing delta proteobacterium which synthesizes intracellular magnetite particles. Desulfovibrio magneticus produces irregular, membrane-bound magnetite particles, unlike other magnetite-producing bacteria which contain crystalline magnetite in the cytoplasm. Desulfovibrio magneticus does not migrate along a magnetic field but swims randomly.
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General Information: A sulfate reducing bacterium. These organisms typically grow anaerobically, although some can tolerate oxygen, and they utilize a wide variety of electron acceptors, including sulfate, sulfur, nitrate, and nitrite. A number of toxic metals are reduced, including uranium (VI), chromium (VI) and iron (III), making these organisms of interest as bioremediators. Metal corrosion, a problem that is partly the result of the collective activity of these bacteria, produces billions of dollars in losses each year to the petroleum industry. These organisms are also responsible for the production of poisonous hydrogen sulfide gas in marine sediments and in terrestrial environments such as drilling sites for petroleum products. This species is a sulfate reducer commonly found in a variety of soil and aquatic environments.