Query: NC_012791:4079062 Variovorax paradoxus S110 chromosome 1, complete genome Lineage: Variovorax paradoxus; Variovorax; Comamonadaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Temp: Mesophile; Habitat: Soil. Variovorax paradoxus S110 is able to grow autotrophically using hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide for energy and carbon. Variovorax paradoxus is a nutritionally diverse organism which is commonly isolated from soil. Strains of this organism are able to degrade a number of compounds such as explosives and pesticides. Variovorax paradoxus is also a plant-growth promoting organism, increasing the resistance of the plant to disease and heavy metals.
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General Information: This strain was isolated from agricultural loam (sand, clay, and organic matter) soil in 1988 by Compeau et al. and is well adapted to soil environments. Bacteria belonging to the Pseudomonas group are common inhabitants of soil and water and can also be found on the surfaces of plants and animals. Pseudomonas bacteria are found in nature in a biofilm or in planktonic form. Pseudomonas bacteria are renowned for their metabolic versatility as they can grow under a variety of growth conditions and do not need any organic growth factors. This organism is a nonpathogenic saprophyte which inhabits soil, water and plant surface environments. If iron is in low supply, it produces a soluble, greenish fluorescent pigment, which is how it was named. As these environmentally versatile bacteria possess the ability to degrade (at least partially) multiple different pollutants, they are studied in their use as bioremediants.