Query: NC_012785:1960500 Kosmotoga olearia TBF 19.5.1, complete genome Lineage: Kosmotoga olearia; Kosmotoga; Thermotogaceae; Thermotogales; Thermotogae; Bacteria General Information: Gram-negative bacterium Kosmotoga olearia TBF 19.5.1 was isolated from an oil deposit. Broad temperature growth range. This organism is a member of the Thermotogales and has the characteristic morphology of one or more cells contained in a sheath-like envelope which extends beyond the cell wall. Preliminary sequencing of Thermotogales genomes has identified extensive horizontal gene transfer between these organisms and the Archaea.
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General Information: Heliobacterium modesticaldum strain Ice1, the type strain of this species, was isolated from Icelandic hot spring volcanic soils. It grows optimally above 50 degrees Celsius, grows best photoheterotrophically, but can grow in the dark chemotrophically on pyruvate. Phototrophic thermophile. This organism is an anoxygenic phototroph isolated from hot spring microbial mats and volcanic soil. Cell wall structure, the ability to form endospores, and 16S ribosomal RNA analysis place Heliobacterium modesticaldum in a family of phototrophic bacteria related to the Clostridia. Heliobacterium modesticaldum is able to fix nitrogen and may contribute significantly to the nitrogen availability in microbial mats.