Query: NC_012779:2664849 Edwardsiella ictaluri 93-146, complete genome Lineage: Edwardsiella ictaluri; Edwardsiella; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Edwardsiella ictaluri is the causative agent of enteric septicemia in catfish (ESC), an economically significant disease of farm-raised catfish. The acute form of ESC causes bacterial septicemia (proliferation of bacteria in the blood) which rapidly leads to death. The chronic form of this disease causes a characteristic head lesion, and may also proceed to septicemia and death. Two plasmids, which are consistently present in Edwardsiella ictaluri isolates, have been sequenced. Both plasmids contain genes for the type III secretory system, which is involved in translocating pathogenicity proteins into the eukaryotic cell.
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General Information: This organism is the causal agent of bacterial fruit blotch, which was first detected in Florida in 1989. The disease is spread by infested seed, infected transplants, or natural spread from wild hosts. Infected transplants represent the most important means of disease transmission because fruit blotch can spread throughout the transplant operation and can be asymptomatic on older plants, which can lead to high numbers of infected young plants early in the planting season.