Query: NC_012724:147454 Burkholderia glumae BGR1 chromosome 1, complete genome Lineage: Burkholderia glumae; Burkholderia; Burkholderiaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Burkholderia glumae causes seedling rot and panicle blight of rice. Panicle blight is a significant problem in the southern USA during unusually warm growing seasons. Infection of rice with Burkholderia glumae causes sterility, or abortion, of the rice kernels, and may inhibit seed germination. Burkholderia glumae also produces an industrially important extracellular lipase.
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General Information: This strain was originally isolated from cabbage. Causes black rot disease in crucifers. This genus consists of plant-specific yellow-pigmented microbes, some of which are economically important phytopathogens that devastate crops such as citrus plants, rice, beans, grape, and cotton. These organisms are almost exclusively found associated with their plant hosts and are not found free in the soil. This species is a major cause of black rot in crucifers, a disease that results in massive tissue degeneration. It also produces an extracellular polysaccharide known as xanthan, which is harvested commercially as a food stabilizing agent for use in industry.