Query: NC_012721:1686450 Burkholderia glumae BGR1 chromosome 2, complete genome Lineage: Burkholderia glumae; Burkholderia; Burkholderiaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Burkholderia glumae causes seedling rot and panicle blight of rice. Panicle blight is a significant problem in the southern USA during unusually warm growing seasons. Infection of rice with Burkholderia glumae causes sterility, or abortion, of the rice kernels, and may inhibit seed germination. Burkholderia glumae also produces an industrially important extracellular lipase.
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General Information: Ammonia-oxidizing bacterium. This organism is an obligate chemo-lithoautotroph as it only uses ammonia and carbon dioxide and mineral salts for growth, and is an important part of the global biogeochemical nitrogen cycle. It can derive all energy requirements from the oxidation of ammonia to nitrate, driving global nitrogen from the reduced insoluble form to the oxidized and potentially gaseous form (including NO and NO2 which are greenhouse gases). The energy derived from ammonia oxidation is in turn used to drive carbon fixation. This bacterium also provides plants with a readily available form of nitrogen, is important in wastewater treatment, and may be involved in bioremediation of sites contaminated with toxic compounds.