Pre_GI: SWBIT SVG BLASTP

Query: NC_012659:5031827 Bacillus anthracis str. A0248, complete genome

Lineage: Bacillus anthracis; Bacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: This strain (96-10355; K1256) is a human isolated from USA. This organism was the first to be shown to cause disease by Dr. Robert Koch, leading to the formulation of Koch's postulates, which were verified by Dr. Louis Pasteur (the organism, isolated from sick animals, was grown in the laboratory and then used to infect healthy animals and make them sick). This organism was also the first for which an attenuated strain was developed as a vaccine. Herbivorous animals become infected with the organism when they ingest spores from the soil whereas humans become infected when they come into contact with a contaminated animal. Anthrax is not transmitted due to person-to-person contact. The three forms of the disease reflect the sites of infection which include cutaneous (skin), pulmonary (lung), and intestinal. Pulmonary and intestinal infections are often fatal if left untreated. Spores are taken up by macrophages and become internalized into phagolysozomes (membranous compartment) whereupon germination initiates. Bacteria are released into the bloodstream once the infected macrophage lyses whereupon they rapidly multiply, spreading throughout the circulatory and lymphatic systems, a process that results in septic shock, respiratory distress and organ failure. The spores of this pathogen have been used as a terror weapon.

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BLASTP Alignment.txt

Subject: NC_010336:996661 Francisella philomiragia subsp. philomiragia ATCC 25017, complete

Lineage: Francisella philomiragia; Francisella; Francisellaceae; Thiotrichales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: Francisella philomiragia subsp. philomiragia ATCC 25017 was isolated from water in the Bear River Refuge in Utah, USA. Causes disease in humans and fish. Francisella philomiragia, formerly Yersinia philomiragia, has been isolated from water, muskrats, fish and humans. F. philomiragia is able to cause an often fatal bacteremia in people with chronic granulomatous disease. This supspecies can also cause pneumonia in near-drowning victims.