Query: NC_012483:848750 Acidobacterium capsulatum ATCC 51196, complete genome Lineage: Acidobacterium capsulatum; Acidobacterium; Acidobacteriaceae; Acidobacteriales; Acidobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Isolated from acidic mine drainage in Yanahara mine, Okayama, Japan. Acidophilic bacterium. This genus comprises a number of species commonly found in water reservoirs, microbial mats, many different soil types, marine and freshwater sediments, as well as in hot-spring mats and sediments, etc. Furthermore, they sometimes form the dominant group in a habitat. These bacteria are involved in the first step of destruction of biologically complex molecules produced by autotrophic (capable of synthesizing their own nutrients) microorganisms. Acidobacterium capsulatum is an aerobic, mesophilic, chemo-organotroph able to use a variety of carbon sources and to grow up to pH 6.0. The species comprises several strains characterized by orange pigmentation, production of menoquinones as their sole quinones, and branched-chain iso fatty acids as their cell envelope components.
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General Information: This strain was collected from the Sargasso Sea at a depth of 100 m and was isolated by filter fractionation. It can grow only in a narrow range of light intensities. This strain belongs to the 'low light-adapted' ecotype, clade IV, and has a high Chl b/a2 ratio. Marine cyanobacterium. This non-motile bacterium is a free-living marine organism that is one of the most abundant, as well as the smallest, on earth, and contributes heavily to carbon cycling in the marine environment. This cyanobacterium grows in areas of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation and is unique in that it utilizes divinyl chlorophyll a/b proteins as light-harvesting systems instead of phycobiliproteins. These pigments allow harvesting of light energy from blue wavelengths at low light intensity.