Query: NC_012108:721005 Desulfobacterium autotrophicum HRM2, complete genome Lineage: Desulfobacterium autotrophicum; Desulfobacterium; Desulfobacteraceae; Desulfobacterales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: It was isolated from a marine sediment in the Mediterranean sea near Venice, Italy. It is involved in the anaerobic mineralization of organic matter coming from the water column. Desulfobacterium autotrophicum is capable of growing litho-autotrophically with H2, CO2 and sulfate, but also by coupling sulfate reduction with the oxidation of fatty acids. This organism can transform tetra to dichlormethane.
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General Information: This organism (HI2424; BCC1) was isolated as part of a study to find this organism in natural environments. Samples taken from fields that were planted with onions in New York in 1999 and 2000 were examined and it was discovered that isolates were the same as ones that can infect CF patients. This species (genomovar III) is part of the Burkholderia cepacia complex, which consists of 9 closely related species, also known as genomovars. These organisms are commonly found in soil and all are opportunistic pathogens espcially in cystic fibrosis patients.