Query: NC_012108:4971086 Desulfobacterium autotrophicum HRM2, complete genome Lineage: Desulfobacterium autotrophicum; Desulfobacterium; Desulfobacteraceae; Desulfobacterales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: It was isolated from a marine sediment in the Mediterranean sea near Venice, Italy. It is involved in the anaerobic mineralization of organic matter coming from the water column. Desulfobacterium autotrophicum is capable of growing litho-autotrophically with H2, CO2 and sulfate, but also by coupling sulfate reduction with the oxidation of fatty acids. This organism can transform tetra to dichlormethane.
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General Information: Environment: Fresh water; Temp: Mesophile. This is the first cultured species of the proposed new genus "Desulfurispirillum", and the sequencing of its genome will expand the range of experimental approaches that researchers can use to characterize its metabolic pathways for energy production and understand how these pathways are regulated. This organism is notable for its ability to reduce selenate to selenite and further to insoluble elemental selenium, in a process called dissimilatory selenate reduction.