Query: NC_012029:1604291 Halorubrum lacusprofundi ATCC 49239 chromosome 1, complete genome Lineage: Halorubrum lacusprofundi; Halorubrum; Halobacteriaceae; Halobacteriales; Euryarchaeota; Archaea General Information: Formerly Halobacterium lacusprofundi, this organism is an extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from Deep Lake, Antarctica. Extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from the Antarctic. Halorubrum lacusprofundi is a red pigmented halophilic archaeon which has been found in hypersaline marine enviornments. Originally thought to be a psychrophile, further research determined that the optimum temperature for growth for Halorubrum lacusprofundi was from 31 - 37 degrees C.
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General Information: Environment: Soil, Terrestrial; Temp: Mesophile. Streptomyces violaceusniger 16S rRNA gene clade form a gray aerial spore mass and a grayish-yellow substrate mycelium on oatmeal agar, and produce aerial hyphae that differentiate into spiral chains of rugose ornamented spores. The characteristic earthy smell of freshly plowed soil is actually attributed to the aromatic terpenoid geosmin produced by species of Streptomyces. There are currently 364 known species of this genus, many of which are the most important industrial producers of antibiotics and other secondary metabolites of antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and antitumor nature, as well as immunosuppressants, antihypercholesterolemics, etc. Streptomycetes are crucial in the soil environment because their diverse metabolism allows them to degrade the insoluble remains of other organisms, including recalcitrant compounds such as lignocelluloses and chitin.