Query: NC_012029:1525929 Halorubrum lacusprofundi ATCC 49239 chromosome 1, complete genome Lineage: Halorubrum lacusprofundi; Halorubrum; Halobacteriaceae; Halobacteriales; Euryarchaeota; Archaea General Information: Formerly Halobacterium lacusprofundi, this organism is an extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from Deep Lake, Antarctica. Extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from the Antarctic. Halorubrum lacusprofundi is a red pigmented halophilic archaeon which has been found in hypersaline marine enviornments. Originally thought to be a psychrophile, further research determined that the optimum temperature for growth for Halorubrum lacusprofundi was from 31 - 37 degrees C.
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General Information: Environment: Fresh water; Temp: Mesophile. This is the first cultured species of the proposed new genus "Desulfurispirillum", and the sequencing of its genome will expand the range of experimental approaches that researchers can use to characterize its metabolic pathways for energy production and understand how these pathways are regulated. This organism is notable for its ability to reduce selenate to selenite and further to insoluble elemental selenium, in a process called dissimilatory selenate reduction.