Query: NC_011886:2696671 Arthrobacter chlorophenolicus A6, complete genome Lineage: Arthrobacter chlorophenolicus; Arthrobacter; Micrococcaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Arthrobacter chlorophenolicus A6 (DSM 12829) was isolated from soil at Fort Collins, Colorado, USA and is able to use 4-chlorophenol as a sole source of carbon and energy. This organism can degrade 4-chlorophenol in soil at temperatures ranging from 5 to 28 degrees C making it a good candidate for bioremediation. Arthrobacter chlorophenolicus can degrade high concentrations of para-substituted phenols, such as 4-chlorophenol and 4-nitrophenol and can survive under harsh conditions, such as cold temperature and during starvation in soil.
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General Information: This organism is found in adult humans and formula fed infants as a normal component of gut flora. Representatives of this genus naturally colonize the human gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and are important for establishing and maintaining homeostasis of the intestinal ecosystem to allow for normal digestion. Their presence has been associated with beneficial health effects, such as prevention of diarrhea, amelioration of lactose intolerance, or immunomodulation. The stabilizing effect on GIT microflora is attributed to the capacity of bifidobacteria to produce bacteriocins, which are bacteriostatic agents with a broad spectrum of action, and to their pH-reducing activity. Most of the ~30 known species of bifidobacteria have been isolated from the mammalian GIT, and some from the vaginal and oral cavity. All are obligate anaerobes belonging to the Actinomycetales, branch of Gram-positive bacteria with high GC content that also includes Corynebacteria, Mycobacteria, and Streptomycetes.