Query: NC_011761:2457560 Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans ATCC 23270 chromosome, complete Lineage: Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans; Acidithiobacillus; Acidithiobacillaceae; Acidithiobacillales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism was isolated from bituminous coal mine effluent. Acidophilic iron-oxidizing bacterium. Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, formerly Thiobacillus ferrooxidans, is an acidophilic iron-oxidizing bacterium that is able to grow at a pH range of 1.3 to 4.0. This organism is often identified in acid mine drainage and as a member of microbial consortia involved in bioleaching. Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans has been identified as the dominant microorganism in percolation and continuous flow mineral leaching bioreactors.
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General Information: This strain was originally isolated from a patient with whooping cough and has been studied extensively for over 40 years. Causative agent of whooping cough. This group of organisms is capable of invading the respiratory tract of animals and causing severe diseases. They express a number of virulence factors in order to do this including filamentous hemagglutins for attachment, cytotoxins, and proteins that form a type III secretion system for transport of effector molecules into host cells. This organism, which is unable to persist in the environment, is a strict human pathogen that causes whooping cough. Once a common cause of death in children the development of a vaccine has greatly decreased the number of deaths due to Bordetella pertussis. However, this organism infects and estimated 39 million people and kills hundreds of thousands of people each year.