Query: NC_011753:206178 Vibrio splendidus LGP32 chromosome 1, complete genome Lineage: Vibrio splendidus; Vibrio; Vibrionaceae; Vibrionales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Vibrio splendidus LGP32 (CIP 107715) caused significant mortalities in oysters, Crassostrea gigas, during the summer of 2001. This genus is abundant in marine or freshwater environments such as estuaries, brackish ponds, or coastal areas; regions that provide an important reservoir for the organism in between outbreaks of the disease. Vibrio can affect shellfish, finfish, and other marine animals and a number of species are pathogenic for humans. This microbe inflicts disease and death in many marine species causing massive damage to industries devoted to their production, including fish, oysters, mussels, and scallops.
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General Information: Specific virulence factors are encoded within pathogenicity islands (PAIs) that are required for the invasive phenotype associated with Yersinia infections. One key virulence plasmid contained by the three human-specific pathogens is pCD1/pYv, which encodes a type III secretion system for the delivery of virulence proteins that contribute to internalization into the host cell. This species is a food and waterborn pathogen that causes gastroenteritis (inflammation of the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestine) and is able to proliferate at temperatures as low as 4 degrees C.