Query: NC_011745:3197584 Escherichia coli ED1a chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Escherichia coli; Escherichia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Isolated in the 2000s from the faeces of a healthy man in France. This organism was named for its discoverer, Theodore Escherich, and is one of the premier model organisms used in the study of bacterial genetics, physiology, and biochemistry. This enteric organism is typically present in the lower intestine of humans, where it is the dominant facultative anaerobe present, but it is only one minor constituent of the complete intestinal microflora. E. coli, is capable of causing various diseases in its host, especially when they acquire virulence traits. E. coli can cause urinary tract infections, neonatal meningitis, and many different intestinal diseases, usually by attaching to the host cell and introducing toxins that disrupt normal cellular processes.
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General Information: This organism is the causative agent of Glasser's disease in swine but is usually found as a commensal organism in the upper respiratory tract. Glasser's disease is responsible for significant losses in swine husbandry. The disease was first noted in 1910 by Glasser and the organism requires factor V (NAD - nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) growth factor, like H. suis, but not factor X (iron porphyrin) which H. suis requires. Pathogenicity and virulence are often strain specific. Symptoms include fibrinous polyserositis (fibrous inflammation of serous membranes, polyarthritis (inflammation of multiple joints) and meningitis (inflammation of meninges)and pneumonia.