Query: NC_011741:1625535 Escherichia coli IAI1 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Escherichia coli; Escherichia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Isolated from the faeces of a young healthy military conscript in the 1980s in France. This organism was named for its discoverer, Theodore Escherich, and is one of the premier model organisms used in the study of bacterial genetics, physiology, and biochemistry. This enteric organism is typically present in the lower intestine of humans, where it is the dominant facultative anaerobe present, but it is only one minor constituent of the complete intestinal microflora. E. coli, is capable of causing various diseases in its host, especially when they acquire virulence traits. E. coli can cause urinary tract infections, neonatal meningitis, and many different intestinal diseases, usually by attaching to the host cell and introducing toxins that disrupt normal cellular processes.
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General Information: Citrobacter koseri ATCC BAA-895 is a clinical isolate from a human infant. Causative agent of neonatal meningitis. Citrobacter koseri, previously known as Citrobacter diversus, Levinea diversus or Levinea malonatica resides in a wide range of environments, including soil, water and food products. It is an occasional inhabitant of human and animal intestines, but is mainly characterized as being a causative agent of neonatal meningitis with an extreme high rate of multiple brain abscess initiations and a concomitant high moratility rate. The bacteria are used in neonatal rat models to study the mechanism of blood-brain barrier penetration, host immune response evasion and its resistance to phagocytotic killing.