Query: NC_011184:325797 Vibrio fischeri MJ11 chromosome I, complete sequence Lineage: Aliivibrio fischeri; Aliivibrio; Vibrionaceae; Vibrionales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This strain was isolated from a pinecone fish, Monocentris japonica, light-emitting organs in Japan. This genus is abundant in marine or freshwater environments such as estuaries, brackish ponds, or coastal areas; regions that provide an important reservoir for the organism in between outbreaks of the disease. Vibrio can affect shellfish, finfish, and other marine animals and a number of species are pathogenic for humans. This organism is found in marine environments and was originally named by Bernard Fischer during a sea voyage in the 1800s. It is a symbiont in fish and squids and is responsible for light generation in those organisms, which use it as a defense mechanism to avoid predators.
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General Information: Mycoplasma crocodyli was isolated from the joint of a crocodile with exudative polyarthritis. The siblingspecies of M. crocodyli, Mycoplasma alligatoris causes acute lethalprimary infection of susceptible hosts, notably American alligators.This pathogen is studied to understand the mechanisms and evolutionaryorigins of that virulence. A genome survey indicated that M. alligatorisuses sialidase (Nanl) and hyaluronidase (NagH) to generate fuel forglycolysis from host cell glycans. M. crocodyli, which does not causedisease in American alligators, possesses NagH but not Nanl, so damageto the host's extracellular matrix alone cannot explain the particularvirulence of M. alligatoris.