Query: NC_010939:321492 Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serovar 7 str. AP76, complete Lineage: Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae; Actinobacillus; Pasteurellaceae; Pasteurellales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serovar 7 str. AP76 is a clinical isolated from a pig lung. This organism is an obligate parasite of pigs. The bacterium colonizes and invades the porcine lower respiratory tract and can survive phagocytosis by macrophages, eventually resulting in the death of the macrophage cell. Three RTS toxins, which result in cell damage, are produced by this organism.
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General Information: Bacteria belonging to the Pseudomonas group are common inhabitants of soil and water and can also be found on the surfaces of plants and animals. Pseudomonas bacteria are found in nature in a biofilm or in planktonic form. Pseudomonas bacteria are renowned for their metabolic versatility as they can grow under a variety of growth conditions and do not need any organic growth factors. This organism is an opportunistic human pathogen. While it rarely infects healthy individuals, immunocompromised patients, like burn victims, AIDS-, cancer- or cystic fibrosis-patients are at increased risk for infection with this environmentally versatile bacteria. It is an important soil bacterium with a complex metabolism capable of degrading polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and producing interesting, biologically active secondary metabolites including quinolones, rhamnolipids, lectins, hydrogen cyanide, and phenazines. Production of these products is likely controlled by complex regulatory networks making Pseudomonas aeruginosa adaptable both to free-living and pathogenic lifestyles. The bacterium is naturally resistant to many antibiotics and disinfectants, which makes it a difficult pathogen to treat.