Query: NC_010939:321492 Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serovar 7 str. AP76, complete Lineage: Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae; Actinobacillus; Pasteurellaceae; Pasteurellales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serovar 7 str. AP76 is a clinical isolated from a pig lung. This organism is an obligate parasite of pigs. The bacterium colonizes and invades the porcine lower respiratory tract and can survive phagocytosis by macrophages, eventually resulting in the death of the macrophage cell. Three RTS toxins, which result in cell damage, are produced by this organism.
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General Information: This organism was named for its discoverer, Theodore Escherich, and is one of the premier model organisms used in the study of bacterial genetics, physiology, and biochemistry. This enteric organism is typically present in the lower intestine of humans, where it is the dominant facultative anaerobe present, but it is only one minor constituent of the complete intestinal microflora. E. coli, is capable of causing various diseases in its host, especially when they acquire virulence traits. E. coli can cause urinary tract infections, neonatal meningitis, and many different intestinal diseases, usually by attaching to the host cell and introducing toxins that disrupt normal cellular processes.