Query: NC_010805:1576735 Burkholderia multivorans ATCC 17616 chromosome 2, complete Lineage: Burkholderia multivorans; Burkholderia; Burkholderiaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Isolated from soil enriched with anthranilate at 41C, Berkeley, CA, USA. This species is associated with infections in cystic fibrosis patients. It is an important opportunistic pathogen, colonizing the lungs and associated with a decrease in long-term survival. This species is a member of the Burkholderia cepacia complex, although it does not appear to spread from patient to patient as do the other members of the group.
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General Information: Gram-negative soil bacterium. This is the most widely studied species in the genus. Strains of Agrobacterium are classified in three biovars based on their utilisation of different carbohydrates and other biochemical tests. The differences between biovars are determined by genes on the single circle of chromosomal DNA. Biovar differences are not particularly relevant to the pathogenicity of A. tumefaciens, except in one respect: biovar 3 is found worldwide as the pathogen of gravevines. This species causes crown gall disease of a wide range of dicotyledonous (broad-leaved) plants, especially members of the rose family such as apple, pear, peach, cherry, almond, raspberry and roses. Because of the way that it infects other organisms, this bacterium has been used as a tool in plant breeding. Any desired genes, such as insecticidal toxin genes or herbicide-resistance genes, can be engineered into the bacterial DNA, and then inserted into the plant genome. This process shortens the conventional plant breeding process, and allows entirely new (non-plant) genes to be engineered into crops.