Query: NC_010730:952574 Sulfurihydrogenibium sp. YO3AOP1, complete genome Lineage: Sulfurihydrogenibium; Sulfurihydrogenibium; Hydrogenothermaceae; Aquificales; Aquificae; Bacteria General Information: Carbon fixation. Unable to oxidize hydrogen although hydrogen oxidation was thought to be universal in this group. Isolated from near-neutral-pH terrestrial hot springs in Obsidian Pool in Yellowstone National Park, USA.
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General Information: This symbiotic and thermophilic bacterium was discovered by screening for thermostable tryptanophases in Japanese compost. Cultured growth of this organism requires the presence of another bacterial species, such as a Bacillus or Escherichia coli, which provides diffusable metabolites required for its growth. Pure cultures can be obtained by growing Symbiobacterium thermophilum in a bioreactor, separated from its symbiotic counterpart by a dialysis membrane. Because of its symbiotic nature, it cannot be cultured with conventional methods. Despite a negative reaction for gram stain, this species is placed with the gram-positive bacteria based on 16s phylogenetic analysis.