Query: NC_010682:701912 Ralstonia pickettii 12J chromosome 1, complete sequence Lineage: Ralstonia pickettii; Ralstonia; Burkholderiaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Ralstonia pickettii 12J was isolated from copper-contaminated sediment from a lake in Michigan, USA. In addition to being highly resistant to copper, strain 12J is also resistant to zinc and cadmium. Ralstonia pickettii can be isolated from a wide range of environmental and clinical samples. This species is a nocosomial pathogen. It is associated with infections caused by contaminated solutions, such as distilled water and intravenous solutions. Ralstonia pickettii strains resistant to heavy metals have also been isolated from heavy metal contaminated environments.
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General Information: While pathogenic on Arabidopsis thaliana, it is mainly characterized as causing bacterial speck disease on tomato plants, which has a large economic impact. This organism is mainly endophytic and is a poor colonizes of plant surfaces but can multiply within the host. Bacteria belonging to the Pseudomonas group are common inhabitants of soil and water and can also be found on the surfaces of plants and animals. Pseudomonas bacteria are found in nature in a biofilm or in planktonic form. Pseudomonas bacteria are renowned for their metabolic versatility as they can grow under a variety of growth conditions and do not need any organic growth factors. This species includes many plant pathogens of important crops, which makes it a model organism in plant pathology. Its natural environment is on the surface of plant leaves and it can withstand various stressful conditions, like rain, wind, UV radiation and drought. It can colonize plants in a non-pathogenic state and can rapidly take advantage of changing environmental conditions to induce disease in susceptible plants by shifting gene expression patterns.