Query: NC_010571:4483500 Opitutus terrae PB90-1, complete genome Lineage: Opitutus terrae; Opitutus; Opitutaceae; Opitutales; Verrucomicrobia; Bacteria General Information: Opitutus terrae is a member of the Verrucomicrobia, a diverse phylum of organisms common in many terrestrial and aquatic habitats. This organism was isolated from rice paddy soil and has been detected in peat bog soil and other anoxic terrestrial environments.
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General Information: This strain is an egg-passaged attentuated avirulent strain that has been used as a live vaccine and was originally isolated from a typhus patient in Madrid. This species is the causal agent of typhus. The bacteria are transmitted via an insect, usually a tick, to a host organism, in this case humans, where they target endothelial cells and sometimes macrophages. They attach via an adhesin, rickettsial outer membrane protein A, and are internalized where they persist as cytoplasmically free organisms. Transovarial transmission (from mother to offspring) occurs in the invertebrate host.