Query: NC_010524:3445641 Leptothrix cholodnii SP-6, complete genome Lineage: Leptothrix cholodnii; Leptothrix; Comamonadaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Leptothrix cholodnii SP-6 was isolated from water and flocculent from an artificial iron seep in Ithaca, NY, USA. Leptothrix cholodnii, like other Leptothrix species is an iron- and manganese-oxidizing, sheathed bacterium common in organic rich aquatic environments. Iron oxides and manganese oxides often coat the sheathes of these organisms.
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General Information: Herminiimonas arsenicoxydans was isolated from heavy metal contaminated sludge from an industrial water treatment plant. This organism has a number of mechanisms for metabolizing arsenic allowing it to effectively colonize arsenic-contaminated environments. A bacterium capable of oxidizing and reducing arsenic. This heterotrophic bacterium is capable of reducing and oxidizing arsenic with the objective of detoxification. Arsenic is both a product from natural sources and of human activities, and is widely distributed in the environment, essentially in 3 different oxidation states: As (-III) (arsine), As (+III) (arsenite) and As (+V) (arseniate). The ecology of this metalloid is strongly dependent on microbial transformations which affect the mobility and bioavailability as well as the toxicity of arsenic in the environment.