Query: NC_010503:267924 Ureaplasma parvum serovar 3 str. ATCC 27815 chromosome, complete Lineage: Ureaplasma parvum; Ureaplasma; Mycoplasmataceae; Mycoplasmatales; Tenericutes; Bacteria General Information: This organism (Ureaplasma urealyticum biovar 1) is normally found as a commensal organism in the human genital tract. As an opportunistic pathogen, it can cause a sexually-transmitted disease and is recognized as causing non-chlamydial non-gonococcal urethritis. It can also cause obstetric complications in pregnant women, severe infections in infants, as well as meningitis. Like other Mollicutes, it is a wall-less bacterium and has undergone marked genome reduction. This organism appears to generate ATP through the hydrolysis of urea by the urease enzyme.
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General Information: Isolated from mung bean sprouts. This microbe is a member of the lactic acid bacteria and produces lactic acid from sugars. It is found in many environments including plant and animal habitats. Lactococcus lactis is used as a starter culture for the production of cheese products (such as cheddar) and in milk fermentations and, as such, is one of the most important microbes in the food industry. The degradation of casein, acidification by lactic acid, and production of flavor compounds, processes that are caused by the bacteria, contribute to the final product.