Query: NC_010382:3783879 Lysinibacillus sphaericus C3-41, complete genome Lineage: Lysinibacillus sphaericus; Lysinibacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Lysinibacillus sphaericus C3-41 was isolated from a mosquito breeding site in China. This organism is highly toxic to Culex species of mosquito. Lysinibacillus sphaericus, formerly Bacillus sphaericus, is a common environmental organism which produces an insecticidal toxin similar to that produced by Bacillus thuringiensis. Lysinibacillus sphaericus produces two proteins during sporulation which accumulate in parasporal crystalline inclusions. These proteins bind in the gastric cavitiy and midgut of the larvae causing disruption of feeding by the infected host and death.
- Sequence; - BLASTP hit: hover for score (Low score = Light, High score = Dark); - hypothetical protein; - cds: hover for description
General Information: Lignocellulosic biomass has great potential as an abundant and renewable source of fermentable sugars through enzymic saccharification. Clostridium stercorarium is a catabolically versatile bacterium producing a wide range of hydrolases for degradation of biomass. Together with Clostridium thermocellum, Clostridium aldrichii and other cellulose degraders, it forms group I of the clostridia. It is moderately thermophilic, with an optimum growth temperature of 65 degrees C, and has repeatedly been isolated from self-heated compost. The two-component cellulase system of C. stercorarium has been investigated thoroughly. Due to its ability to utilize the various polysaccharides present in biomass it is especially suited for the fermentation of hemicellulose to organic solvents. Some isolates have been used in Japan in a single-step ethanol-fermenting pilot-process with lignocellulosic biomass as substrate.