Query: NC_010381:92000 Lysinibacillus sphaericus C3-41 plasmid pBsph, complete sequence Lineage: Lysinibacillus sphaericus; Lysinibacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Lysinibacillus sphaericus C3-41 was isolated from a mosquito breeding site in China. This organism is highly toxic to Culex species of mosquito. Lysinibacillus sphaericus, formerly Bacillus sphaericus, is a common environmental organism which produces an insecticidal toxin similar to that produced by Bacillus thuringiensis. Lysinibacillus sphaericus produces two proteins during sporulation which accumulate in parasporal crystalline inclusions. These proteins bind in the gastric cavitiy and midgut of the larvae causing disruption of feeding by the infected host and death.
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General Information: This strain (originally ZK, now E33L; Ethosha National Park, Namibia; isolate number 33; Large colony) was isolated from a swab of a dead zebra carcass in April, 1996. Soil microorganism that can cause food poisoning. This organism is a soil-dwelling opportunistic pathogen that causes food poisoning in infected individuals. The rapid onset is characterized by nausea and vomiting while the late onset is characterized by diarrhea and abdominal pain. The emetic disease is caused by a small stable dodecadepsipeptide cerulide whereas the diarrheal disease is caused by a heat labile enterotoxin. Some strains produce a potent cytotoxin that forms a pore in the membrane of eukaryotic cells and causes necrotic enteritis (death of intestinal epithelial cells) while the unique tripartite membrane lytic toxin hemolysin BL contributes to the diarrheal disease and destructive infections of the eye.