Query: NC_010336:1282265 Francisella philomiragia subsp. philomiragia ATCC 25017, complete Lineage: Francisella philomiragia; Francisella; Francisellaceae; Thiotrichales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Francisella philomiragia subsp. philomiragia ATCC 25017 was isolated from water in the Bear River Refuge in Utah, USA. Causes disease in humans and fish. Francisella philomiragia, formerly Yersinia philomiragia, has been isolated from water, muskrats, fish and humans. F. philomiragia is able to cause an often fatal bacteremia in people with chronic granulomatous disease. This supspecies can also cause pneumonia in near-drowning victims.
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General Information: Isolation: River sediment with paper mill waste; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 40C; Isolation:river sediment with paper mill waste; Country:United Kingdom: River Don, Scotland. This genus comprises about 150 metabolically diverse species of anaerobes that are ubiquitous in virtually all anoxic habitats where organic compounds are present, including soils, aquatic sediments and the intestinal tracts of animals and humans. This shape is attributed to the presence of endospores that develop under conditions unfavorable for vegetative growth and distend single cells terminally or sub-terminally. Spores germinate under conditions favorable for vegetative growth, such as anaerobiosis and presence of organic substrates. It is believed that present day Mollicutes (Eubacteria) have evolved regressively (i.e., by genome reduction) from gram-positive clostridia-like ancestors with a low GC content in DNA. This is a cellulolytic bacterium isolated from river sediment containing paper-mill waste.