Pre_GI: SWBIT SVG BLASTP

Query: NC_010263:167450 Rickettsia rickettsii str. Iowa, complete genome

Lineage: Rickettsia rickettsii; Rickettsia; Rickettsiaceae; Rickettsiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: Causative agent for Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. This organism was first identified by Dr. Howard Rickets as the causative agent of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, which was originally named for its geographic distribution at the time, it is now known to be widespread throughout the North American continent. This bacterium is an obligate intracellular pathogen that infects primarily the vascular endothelium, and occasionally smooth muscle tissue. It is passed to the human host from a tick bite, and the tick acts as both a natural reservoir and a vector for disease transmission. Once the organism is endocytosed by the host cell, it quickly escapes the phagozome, and replicates intracellularly, causing cell death and tissue damage. The disease is characterized by a spotted rash and has a high mortality rate if left untreated.

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BLASTP Alignment.txt

Subject: NC_007799:284058 Ehrlichia chaffeensis str. Arkansas, complete genome

Lineage: Ehrlichia chaffeensis; Ehrlichia; Anaplasmataceae; Rickettsiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: This strain is the first isolate of Ehrlichia chaffeensis, which was obtained from a patient on an army base in Arkansas, USA in 1990. Causes disease in humans. This organism is an obligate intracellular pathogen that exists within vacuoles in the cytoplasm of monocytes or granulocytes. Transferred during an insect (tick) bite, it can cause disease in humans (human monocytic ehrlichiosis) and can reside in several other animals and is a problem in immunocompromised patients. The bacterium inhibits phagosome-lysozome fusion as well as programmed cell death (apoptosis) of the host cell, similar to what is observed with Anaplasma phagocytophilum.