Query: NC_009953:3316782 Salinispora arenicola CNS-205 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Salinispora arenicola; Salinispora; Micromonosporaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Found in marine sediment, this organism produces cancer-fighting compounds. Salinispora strains are commonly isolated from tropical marine sediment. Members of this genus produce branched hyphae and require media which contain seawater or sodium. A survey of the cultured species identified over 90 isolates which produce compounds that inhibited cancer cells. These organisms may be a new source of bioactive chemicals for use in disease and cancer treatments. Salinispora arenicola produces the bioactive compounds staurosporine and rifamycin which may be useful in the treatment of cancer.
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General Information: This organism has been implicated in a range of hypersensitivity pneumonitides, including farmer's lung disease. Symptoms of the disease develop in susceptible individuals following the inhalation of spores from overheated materials such as moldy hay and bagasse, or from forced-air heating and humidification systems. Prolonged exposure to the antigens results in acute respiratory distress which may lead to irreversible lung damage. Saccharomonospora viridis DSM 43017 was isolated from Irish peat and was originally classified as Thermomonospora viridis.