Query: NC_009831:1255995 Shewanella sediminis HAW-EB3, complete genome Lineage: Shewanella sediminis; Shewanella; Shewanellaceae; Alteromonadales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Shewanella sediminis was isolated from sediment taken at a depth of 215 meters from an unexploded-ordinance-dumping site 50 nautical miles from Halifax Harbor, Canada in the Atlantic Ocean. This organism is able to degrade hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) anaerobically at 10 degrees C. RDX is a member of a family of nitramine compounds which are used in the production of explosives. Shewanella are facultatively anaerobic, Gram-negative bacteria, motile by polar flagella, rod-like, and generally associated with aquatic or marine environments.
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General Information: Specific virulence factors are encoded within pathogenicity islands (PAIs) that are required for the invasive phenotype associated with Yersinia infections. One key virulence plasmid contained by the three human-specific pathogens is pCD1/pYv, which encodes a type III secretion system for the delivery of virulence proteins that contribute to internalization into the host cell. This species is a food and waterborn pathogen that causes gastroenteritis (inflammation of the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestine) and is able to proliferate at temperatures as low as 4 degrees C.