Query: NC_009792:1479779 Citrobacter koseri ATCC BAA-895, complete genome Lineage: Citrobacter koseri; Citrobacter; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Citrobacter koseri ATCC BAA-895 is a clinical isolate from a human infant. Causative agent of neonatal meningitis. Citrobacter koseri, previously known as Citrobacter diversus, Levinea diversus or Levinea malonatica resides in a wide range of environments, including soil, water and food products. It is an occasional inhabitant of human and animal intestines, but is mainly characterized as being a causative agent of neonatal meningitis with an extreme high rate of multiple brain abscess initiations and a concomitant high moratility rate. The bacteria are used in neonatal rat models to study the mechanism of blood-brain barrier penetration, host immune response evasion and its resistance to phagocytotic killing.
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General Information: Temp: Mesophile; Habitat: Host. Pectobacterium carotovorum causes soft-rot diseases of various plant hosts through degradation of the plant cell walls. Formerly Erwinia, these organisms are plant-specific pathogens that invade the vascular systems of plants. Pectobacterium colonize the intercellular spaces of plant cells and deliver potent effector molecules (Avr - avirulence) through a type III secretion system (Hrp - hypersensitive response and pathogenicity). Avr proteins control host-bacterium interactions, including host range. Expression of the plant cell-wall-degrading enzymes is controlled through a quorum-sensing mechanism that quantifies the number of Pectobacterium bacteria through measurement of the concentration of small molecules (acyl homoserine lactones) produced by Pectobacterium.