Query: NC_009785:387910 Streptococcus gordonii str. Challis substr. CH1, complete genome Lineage: Streptococcus gordonii; Streptococcus; Streptococcaceae; Lactobacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Normal human oral flora. Most streptococci are facultative anaerobes, and some are obligate anaerobes. Serologic grouping is based on antigenic differences in cell wall carbohydrates, in cell wall pili-associated protein, and in the polysaccharide capsule in group B streptococci. Streptococcus gordonii is a commensal member of the human oral flora. It initiates the formation of biofilms on tooth surfaces known as dental plaque, which is strongly associated with the development of dental cavities (caries) and gum disease. It is a frequent causative agent of bacterial endocarditis (inflammation of the membrane lining the heart) which often occurs as a result of oral trauma, allowing S. gordonii to invade the bloodstream and colonize the heart.
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General Information: The original ATCC isolate was from a human urine specimen. Commensal Staphylococcal species that can cause acute urinary tract infections. Staphylcocci are generally found inhabiting the skin and mucous membranes of mammals and birds. Some members of this genus can be found as human commensals and these are generally believed to have the greatest pathogenic potential in opportunistic infections. This organism, normally a commensal on human skin and mucous membranes, is now the second most common cause of acute urinary tract infections after Escherichia coli. It often causes uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI) in female outpatients.