Query: NC_009776:617532 Ignicoccus hospitalis KIN4/I, complete genome Lineage: Ignicoccus hospitalis; Ignicoccus; Desulfurococcaceae; Desulfurococcales; Crenarchaeota; Archaea General Information: Ignicoccus hospitalis Kin4/I was isolated from gravel obtained from the shallow marine hydrothermal system of the Kolbeinsey Ridge, north of Iceland. Hyperthermophilic archaeon. Ignicoccus hospitalis, an anaerobic, hyperthermophilic, chemoautolithotroph, uses hydrogen to reduce elemental sulfur and produce hydrogen sulfide. This organism is also moderately halophilic and acidophilic. Ignicoccus hospitalis is the host organism for Nanoarchaeum equitans.
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General Information: This organism was isolated from an active chimney in the North Fiji Basin of the Pacific Ocean at a depth of 3500 meters. This organism is an obligate anaerobic, hyperthermophilic archaeon. Growth occurs at a temperature of 67-103 degrees C with optimal growth at 103 degrees C at 200 atmospheres of pressure. Increased hydrostatic pressure has been found to extend the upper growth temperature and stimulate growth.