Query: NC_009749:558171 Francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica FTA, complete genome Lineage: Francisella tularensis; Francisella; Francisellaceae; Thiotrichales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Isolated from an immunocompetent 56-year old male with bacteremic pneumonia in France. Francisella tularensis is a non-motile, aerobic, rod-shaped Gram-negative bacterium and is the causative agent of tularemia. This organism was first identified by Edward Francis as the causative agent of a plague-like illness that affected squirrels in Tulare county in California in the early part of the 20th century. The organism now bears his name. The disease, which has been noted throughout recorded history, can be transmitted to humans by infected ticks or deerflies, infected meat, or by aerosol, and thus is a potential bioterrorism agent. This organism has a high infectivity rate, and can invade phagocytic and nonphagocytic cells, multiplying rapidly. Once within a macrophage, the organism can escape the phagosome and live in the cytosol. It is an aquatic organism, and can be found living inside protozoans, similar to what is observed with Legionella.
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General Information: This strain (82-40) was isolated from the blood of a human patient who was having a renal transplant and is the best characterized isolate of this species.. The ratio of bloodstream infection to diarrheal illnesses for C. fetus is nearly 400-fold higher than for C. jejuni, indicating its marked propensity for invasive disease compared to C. jejuni. Causes infertility, infectious abortions in cattle, opportunistic human pathogen. This organism causes infertlity and infectious abortions in domesticated sheep, goats and cattle. It is an opportunistic pathogen in humans which can severely affect immunocompromised patients. Initially the bacterium can cause gastroenteritis, and then spread systemically throughout the blood (bacteremia) and cause septicemia, meningitis, and other systemic infections. This layer is essential for host colonization, and prevents complemented-mediated immune responses by inhibiting complement C3b binding.