Query: NC_009720:750612 Xanthobacter autotrophicus Py2, complete genome Lineage: Xanthobacter autotrophicus; Xanthobacter; Xanthobacteraceae; Rhizobiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Alkene-degrading bacterium. Xanthobacter autotrophicus is a nitrogen-fixing methylotroph, commonly isolated from organic rich soil, sediment and water. This organism uses an alkene-specific monooxygenase to convert propene to epoxypropane. This monooxygenase is also able to catalyze the initial step in the cometabolism of chlorinated alkenes such as vinyl chloride and trichloroethene. The Xanthobacter autotrophicus alkene monooxygenase and other genes involved in alkene degradation are located on a 320 kb megaplasmid.
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General Information: This strain was isolated from Glycine hispida in 1959 in Florida, USA, and has been widely studied because of its superior symbiotic nitrogen fixation with soybeans as compared to other strains. This strain contains a 681 Kb symbiosis island that contains genes for nitrogen fixation and root nodule formation. The chromosome also contains genes resembling those of type III and IV secretion systems.