Query: NC_009720:216589 Xanthobacter autotrophicus Py2, complete genome Lineage: Xanthobacter autotrophicus; Xanthobacter; Xanthobacteraceae; Rhizobiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Alkene-degrading bacterium. Xanthobacter autotrophicus is a nitrogen-fixing methylotroph, commonly isolated from organic rich soil, sediment and water. This organism uses an alkene-specific monooxygenase to convert propene to epoxypropane. This monooxygenase is also able to catalyze the initial step in the cometabolism of chlorinated alkenes such as vinyl chloride and trichloroethene. The Xanthobacter autotrophicus alkene monooxygenase and other genes involved in alkene degradation are located on a 320 kb megaplasmid.
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General Information: Isolated from Resurrection Bay in the Gulf of Alaska. It is a model oligotrophic organism and forms a very small cell size. his genus was created from the Sphingomonas genus on the basis of phylogenetic, phenotypic, and chemotaxonomic characteristics. Sphingopyxis alaskensis is one of the most numerically abundant microbes found in oligotrophic marine waters and is an important contributor of biomass.