Query: NC_009719:336000 Parvibaculum lavamentivorans DS-1 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Parvibaculum lavamentivorans; Parvibaculum; Rhodobiaceae; Rhizobiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: An aerobic, non-motile, Gram-negative, short rod. It is motile when growing with acetate, octane or in complex medium. It is able to metabolize a wide range of anionic and non-ionic surfactants and utilizes all representatives of the two major classes of surfactants used in laundry products in Germany, anionics and non-ionics. The epithet "lavamentivorans" stands for "consuming (chemicals) used for washing". Parvibaculum lavamentivorns is able to degrade linear alkylbenzenesulfonate and other surfactants making this organism useful in industrial and bioremediation applications. Strain DS-1 was enriched from a sewage treatment plant.
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General Information: Rhodospirillum centenum, also called Rhodocista centenaria, is a nitrogen-fixing photoheterotroph with a complex life cycle. R. centenum is one of the few known thermotolerant purple bacteria species with optimal growth temperature of 44 dgrees C and a maximal growth temperature of 48 degrees C. In liquid media this organism is motile by a single polar flagellum. R. centenum produces lateral flagella to become a swarming cell. Under low nutrient conditions R. centenum forms a desiccation- and UV-resistant cyst. R. centenum can often be cultivated from hot springs such as those found at Yellowstone National Park. R. centenum is emerging as a model organism for genetic and molecular genetic analysis of cyst formation.