Query: NC_009719:1972545 Parvibaculum lavamentivorans DS-1 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Parvibaculum lavamentivorans; Parvibaculum; Rhodobiaceae; Rhizobiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: An aerobic, non-motile, Gram-negative, short rod. It is motile when growing with acetate, octane or in complex medium. It is able to metabolize a wide range of anionic and non-ionic surfactants and utilizes all representatives of the two major classes of surfactants used in laundry products in Germany, anionics and non-ionics. The epithet "lavamentivorans" stands for "consuming (chemicals) used for washing". Parvibaculum lavamentivorns is able to degrade linear alkylbenzenesulfonate and other surfactants making this organism useful in industrial and bioremediation applications. Strain DS-1 was enriched from a sewage treatment plant.
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General Information: This species is a green sulfur bacterium which forms sedimentary biofilm layers. It has been shown to be associated with coral killed by Black-Band Disease (BBD) a microbial infection of larger coral species. This is a concern for reef conservationists as the larger species are responsible for coral scaffolds, and their reduction by disease would have considerable impact on the reef structure. While there is currently no cause-and-effect link between Prosthecochloris aestuarii and BBD, the species was found on coral which was killed by the disease and was not found on healthy coral or in the surrounding seawater.