Query: NC_009707:36024 Campylobacter jejuni subsp. doylei 269.97 chromosome, complete Lineage: Campylobacter jejuni; Campylobacter; Campylobacteraceae; Campylobacterales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Isolated from a blood sample of human bacteremia in South Africa. Causes food poisoning. This organism is the leading cause of bacterial food poisoning (campylobacteriosis) in the world, and is more prevalent than Salmonella enteritis (salmonellosis). Found throughout nature, it can colonize the intestines of both mammals and birds, and transmission to humans occurs via contaminated food products. This organism can invade the epithelial layer by first attaching to epithelial cells, then penetrating through them. Systemic infections can also occur causing more severe illnesses
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General Information: This organism (Ureaplasma urealyticum biovar 1) is normally found as a commensal organism in the human genital tract. As an opportunistic pathogen, it can cause a sexually-transmitted disease and is recognized as causing non-chlamydial non-gonococcal urethritis. It can also cause obstetric complications in pregnant women, severe infections in infants, as well as meningitis. Like other Mollicutes, it is a wall-less bacterium and has undergone marked genome reduction. This organism appears to generate ATP through the hydrolysis of urea by the urease enzyme.